Water is the one of the key resources for human life. However, it is limited and it is becoming increasingly scarce and polluted. Global climate changes have created progressively more negative environmental impacts which when added to inappropriate natural resources exploitation produces extreme events like e.g. increased floods, flash floods, salinity intrusion, drought, and desertification.
The annual water availability in Vietnam are some 835 billion cubic metres, of which about 63% (525 billion cubic metres) flows into Vietnam from neighbouring countries; the remaining 27% or 310 billion m3 falls as rainfall on the country’s territory. Rainfall is unevenly distributed in time and space. According to the assessment, criteria of the International Water Resources Association (IWRA) Vietnam will be a water deficit country in the near future.
Water use demands have notoriously augmented due to population increase and its related urbanization process and the economic growth in view of the fact of Vietnam entering the industrialization and modernization era. Therefore, integrated water resources exploitation, catchments and coastal management as well as water resources delivery and conveying systems construction and management are considered the most relevant issues during the first decades of the 21st Century.
For the immediate following years, water resources activities will need to strongly shift toward an efficient water resources protection, exploitation and sustainable development based on multi-purpose integrated exploitation so as to meet water demands of livelihood, socio-economic development and thus, ensuring national defence, security and environmental protection. In addition, due attention shall be paid to actively prevent, control and/or minimize the negative impacts created by extreme water related events. Simultaneously, it will be necessary to apply other appropriate measures as for instance, measures aiming to eliminate soil degradation and improving agricultural production and efficiency as agricultural area is currently at the edge of being degraded and reduced.
Given a coastal line spreading along 3,300 km, Vietnam needs to start exploiting its marine advantages to develop a sustainable marine economy while protecting the ecological environment. In the coming time, water resources activities of our country have to “approach the sea” aiming to a establish a vigorous marine based economy.
With the entrusted tasks, it is apparent that TLU needs to modernize in order to successfully and efficiently prepare the required human resources and carry out technology scientific research to satisfy the immediate and long – term demands of the country.
To the end, it is necessary to develop a comprehensive, scientific, logical, and feasible development strategy toward international integration.
The elaboration of TLU’s development strategy is based on the following legal documents: Education low 2005; Resolution Nr.14-2005/NQ-CP “Higher Education Renovation Proposal of Viet Nam” dated 02/11/2005, on fundamental and comprehensive reform of higher education in Vietnam for the period 2006 – 2020; Decision Nr.81/2006 QD – TTg dated 14/4/2006 of the Prime Ministry ratifying the National Strategy on Water Resources until 2020; Development Strategy of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) until 2020, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) and relevant Ministries; Water Sector Support Program (WAtersSPS) funded by Denmark and other relevant documents.
TLU consider human resources development and education as its focal point while technological science development is not only considered as a central task but also a decisive factor to ensure the success of the strategy.
TLU’s development strategy is prepared within the context in which education in regional countries has reached high level; Vietnam is renovating to rapidly be at a similar level of development progress and hence, avoid lagging behind. TLU has experienced a development process since half a century and it is considered as one of the universities having a consolidated staff of lectures and physical premises.
Basic information used to develop the strategy was produced and/or derived from the analysis of the current context and status, experiences drawn from development process and forecast of future development demands. Based on this, objectives, tasks, contents, solutions and implementation road maps are developed to achieve the set targets. The strategy implementation period is from 2006-2020, of which the 5-year plan from 2006-2010 (transition period) is crucial.